Global Ag News for Oct 18.22
Mississippi River Shut in Kentucky Due to Low Water: USCG
A section of the Mississippi River near Hickman, Ky., was closed for dredging due to low water levels, the latest in a series of shutdowns on the waterway in recent weeks.
- Dredging is being conducted between mile marker 922-925, USCG Public Affairs officer Riley Perkofski says in a statement
- There were 3 vessels and 51 barges queued up at Hickman: USCG
- These figures account for north and southbound traffic
FUTURES & WEATHER
Wheat prices overnight are down 9 in SRW, down 6 1/2 in HRW, down 4 1/2 in HRS; Corn is down 5; Soybeans down 4 3/4; Soymeal down $0.23; Soyoil up 0.37.
For the week so far wheat prices are down 7 3/4 in SRW, down 6 3/4 in HRW, down 3 1/2 in HRS; Corn is down 11 1/4; Soybeans down 3 1/4; Soymeal down $0.24; Soyoil up 1.91.
For the month to date wheat prices are down 69 1/2 in SRW, down 46 in HRW, down 31 1/4 in HRS; Corn is up 1; Soybeans up 15 3/4; Soymeal up $5.70; Soyoil up 5.65.
Year-To-Date nearby futures are up 11% in SRW, up 18% in HRW, down -3% in HRS; Corn is up 14%; Soybeans up 4%; Soymeal down -1%; Soyoil up 19%.
Chinese Ag futures (JAN 23) Soybeans down 5 yuan; Soymeal down 79; Soyoil down 4; Palm oil up 136; Corn down 8 — Malaysian palm oil prices overnight were up 128 ringgit (+3.29%) at 4015.
There were no changes in registrations. Registration total: 3,084 SRW Wheat contracts; 0 Oats; 0 Corn; 5 Soybeans; 106 Soyoil; 349 Soymeal; 40 HRW Wheat.
Preliminary changes in futures Open Interest as of October 17 were: SRW Wheat down 3,069 contracts, HRW Wheat up 345, Corn up 990, Soybeans up 1,635, Soymeal up 5,030, Soyoil up 4,206.
Northern Plains Forecast: Mostly dry through Friday. Temperatures near to above normal west and near to below normal east through Wednesday, above normal Thursday-Friday. Outlook: Mostly dry Saturday. Isolated to scattered showers Sunday-Wednesday. Temperatures above normal Saturday, near to above normal Sunday, near to below normal Monday-Wednesday.
Central/Southern Plains Forecast: Mostly dry Tuesday-Friday. Temperatures below to well-below normal Monday-Tuesday, near to below normal Wednesday, near to above normal Thursday, above normal Friday. Outlook: Mostly dry Saturday. Scattered showers Sunday. Mostly dry Monday. Scattered showers Tuesday-Wednesday. Temperatures above to well-above normal Saturday-Wednesday.
Western Midwest Forecast: Mostly dry through Friday. Temperatures below to well below normal through Wednesday, below normal Thursday, near to above normal Friday.
Eastern Midwest Forecast: Scattered lake-effect showers through Wednesday, some snows possible. Mostly dry Thursday-Friday. Temperatures below to well below normal through Thursday, near normal Friday. Outlook: Mostly dry Saturday. Isolated to scattered showers Sunday-Wednesday, mostly west. Temperatures near to above normal Saturday, above to well-above normal Sunday-Wednesday.
Brazil Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Rio Grande do Sul and Parana Forecast: Scattered showers through Thursday. Mostly dry Friday. Temperatures near normal through Friday. Mato Grosso, MGDS and southern Goias Forecast: Isolated showers through Wednesday. Scattered showers Thursday-Friday. Temperatures near normal through Thursday, near to below normal Friday.
Argentina Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Cordoba, Santa Fe, Northern Buenos Aires Forecast: Mostly dry Tuesday. Isolated showers Wednesday-Friday. Temperatures near to below normal Tuesday, near to above normal Wednesday-Friday. La Pampa, Southern Buenos AiresForecast: Mostly dry through Thursday. Isolated showers Friday. Temperatures near normal Monday-Tuesday, near to above normal Wednesday-Thursday, near to below normal Friday.
The player sheet for Oct. 17 had funds: net buyers of 500 contracts of SRW wheat, sellers of 4,500 corn, and buyers of 6,000 soyoil.
- FEED WHEAT SALE: An importer group in the Philippines is believed to have bought around 165,000 tonnes of animal feed wheat expected to be sourced from Australia in an international tender which closed late last week, European traders said on Monday.
- FEED WHEAT SALE: South Korea’s Major Feedmill Group (MFG) purchased about 65,000 tonnes of animal feed wheat expected to be sourced from Australia in a private deal on Friday without issuing an international tender, European traders said.
- WHEAT TENDER: Turkey’s state grain board TMO has issued an international tender to purchase about 495,000 tonnes of milling wheat, European traders said. The deadline for submission of price offers in the wheat tender is Oct. 21.
- WHEAT TENDER: A group of South Korean flour mills has issued a tender to purchase about 45,000 tonnes of milling wheat to be sourced from the United States, European traders said. The deadline for submission of price offers in the tender is Tuesday, Oct. 18.
- WHEAT TENDER: Jordan’s state grain buyer issued an international tender to buy 120,000 tonnes of milling wheat, an official source said, closing on Oct. 18.
- FEED BARLEY TENDER: Jordan’s state grain buyer issued an international tender to purchase 120,000 tonnes of animal feed barley seeking March and April shipment, an official source said. The tender will close on Oct. 19.
- FEED WHEAT AND BARLEY TENDER: Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) said it will seek 70,000 tonnes of feed wheat and 40,000 tonnes of feed barley to be loaded by Jan. 31 and arrive in Japan by Feb. 24 via a simultaneous buy and sell (SBS) auction that will be held on Oct. 19.
- RICE TENDER: South Korea’s Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corp issued an international tender to purchase an estimated 90,100 tonnes of rice sourced from the United States, Vietnam and other origins, European traders said. The deadline for submissions of price offers in the tender is Oct. 19, they said.
USDA CROP PROGRESS: Corn 45% Harvested, Soybeans 63% Harvested
Highlights from the report:
- Corn harvest 45% vs 31% last week, and 50% a year ago
- Corn 53% G/E vs 54% last week, and 60% a year ago
- Corn mature 94% vs 87% last week, and 97% a year ago
- Soybeans 57% G/E vs 57% last week, and 59% a year ago
- Soybean drop leaves 96% vs 91% last week, and 94% a year ago
- Soybeans harvested 63% vs 44% last week, and 58% a year ago
- Winter wheat planted 69% vs 55% last week, and 69% a year ago
- Winter wheat emerged 38% vs 26% last week, and 42% a year ago
- Cotton 31% G/E vs 30% last week, and 64% a year ago
- Cotton harvested 37% vs 29% last week, and 27% a year ago
US Inspected 448k Tons of Corn for Export, 1.882m of Soybean
US NOPA Sept. Soy Crush of 158.1m Bu Falls Short of Expectations
US soybean processing of 158.1m bu in September missed the average analyst forecast of 160.7m bu, according to National Oilseed Processors Association data released Thursday by Thomson Reuters.
- Crushing is below the 165.5m bu seen in August, though higher than the 153.8m bu reported the same period a year ago
- The average Bloomberg survey estimate was 160.7m bu
- Soybean-oil inventories at the end of September fell to 1.459b lbs from 1.564b lbs a month earlier and 1.684b lbs in the prior year
- It’s also below the average analyst estimate of 1.499b lbs
Brazil 2022/23 Soy Planting 19.1% Done as of Oct. 14: Safras
Compares with 9.7% a week earlier and 21% a year before, according to a report from consulting firm Safras & Mercado.
- In Parana state planting reaches 29%, below the average of 34.2%
- In Rio Grande do Sul, the works started with 0.2% seeded
- In Mato Grosso, the area already reaches 41%, surpassing the average of 26.6%
Brazil 2022/23 Soy Planting 24% Done as of Oct. 13: AgRural
Compares with 10% a week earlier, and 22% a year before, according to an emailed report from consulting firm AgRural.
- The advance was not greater only due to excess humidity in Parana state (where occasional crops may need replanting) and in Mato Grosso do Sul state
- Summer corn seeding was 46% complete, vs 39% a week earlier and 45% a year before
UN Says Grain Deal Talks in Moscow Were Positive, Constructive
UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Martin Griffiths and Secretary-General of the Conference on Trade and Development Rebeca Grynspan left Moscow on Monday after talks on the grain deal on Oct. 16 and 17, spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said at daily briefing.
- UN officials held talks with Russia’s First Deputy Prime Minister Andrey Belousov, Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin, and Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Vershinin, according to UN
India to Sell Wheat in Open Market If Needed to Control Prices
India will sell wheat from state reserves in the domestic market if that is needed to control prices, Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey said in New Delhi on Monday.
- The country has adequate rice and wheat stockpiles to meet demand: Pandey
- State rice stockpiles seen at 23.7m tons on April 1, 2023 compared with buffer requirement of 13.6m tons
- Wheat reserves at government warehouses likely at 11.3m tons on April 1 next year, compared with requirement of 7.5m tons
- India’s wheat exports totaled 4.59m tons in six months ended Sept. 30 including shipments of 2.41m tons after restrictions were imposed on overseas sales in May
Ukraine Oct grain exports almost return to pre-war levels – ministry
Ukrainian grain exports in the first 17 days of October were just 2.4% lower than in the same period of 2021 despite the closure of several seaports and the Russian invasion, agriculture ministry data showed on Monday.
The country’s grain exports have slumped since February as the war closed off Ukraine’s Black Sea ports, driving up global food prices and prompting fears of shortages in Africa and the Middle East.
Backlog of Ukrainian Grain Ships Eases as Checks Speed Up
- Vessels need to be inspected in Istanbul under terms of deal
- Significant backlog of vessels still remains, according to UN
A logjam of vessels shipping Ukrainian crops eased as inspections sped up over the weekend, but the backlog remains high with just over a month of the grain-export deal left.
Outbound ships need to be inspected in Istanbul under the deal, and at least 12 were checked each day from Friday through Sunday. That’s up from seven to nine a day earlier in the week. The number of inspection teams edged up to five on Friday, said Amir Abdulla, United Nations coordinator for the Black Sea Grain Initiative.
Shippers are rushing to export as much as possible through the Black Sea corridor before the current deal expires, with negotiations on extending it continuing. The backlog of inbound and outbound vessels awaiting checks stood at 131 as of Tuesday, down from 156 on Friday, a spokesperson for the Joint Coordination Centre said.
Ukraine and Russia are both seeking changes to the deal as part of talks to extend it beyond the current deadline of Nov. 19, and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s spokesman said Moscow needs assurances for the agreement to continue. While Russian attacks on Ukraine have escalated, the UN on Monday said negotiations to renew the accord were constructive.
Some 7.7 million tons of grain and other food products have been exported under the deal as of Oct. 16, according to the Joint Coordination Centre for the Black Sea grain initiative
Ukraine Sows 58% of Projected Areas With Winter Grains: Ministry
Ukraine’s farmers have planted 2.8m ha or 58% of planned areas with winter grains, Agriculture Ministry says on Facebook.
- 2.5m ha under winter wheat, 61% of forecast areas
- 265,000 ha under winter barley or 39% of projected areas
India Examining Proposal to Raise Palm Oil Import Tax: Reuters
India is examining a proposal to reintroduce an import tax on crude palm oil, Reuters reports citing a government official it didn’t identify.
The South Asian nation is also considering raising import tax on refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil, according to the report
India has sufficient stocks of grains, could sell wheat in open market
India has sufficient stocks of rice and wheat and the government will sell wheat in the open market if needed to control prices, the most senior civil servant at the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, said on Monday.
“We’ve enough stocks of rice and wheat and there’s nothing to worry,” Sudhanshu Pandey told a press conference.
“We’ll intervene if needed,” he said, replying to a query on whether the government would sell food stocks in the open market to keep a lid on local prices.
Food inflation, which accounts for nearly 40% of the consumer price index basket, rose 8.60% in September, compared to 7.62% in August.
Retail food prices accelerated due to a rise in the prices of cereals and vegetables.
Pandey said the rates of staples have risen only at a moderate pace, and the steps initiated by the government have helped keep a lid on grain prices.
After a sudden rise in temperatures in mid-March shrivelled the wheat crop, India, the world’s second-biggest producer of the grain, banned overseas sales of the staple to secure supplies for its 1.4 billion people.
Wheat exports from India, also the world’s second biggest consumer of the staple, surged after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine hit supplies from the Black Sea region, resulting in a jump in global prices.
Close on the heels of the ban on overseas sales of wheat, India restricted rice exports as scant rains in the country’s east affected planting of the most water-thirsty crop.
At the beginning of the next fiscal year on April 1, India’s wheat stocks at state warehouses are expected at 11.3 million tonnes, and rice stocks are seen at 23.7 million tonnes, Pandey said.
On April 1, the government aims to keep at least 4.5 million tonnes of wheat and 11.5 million tonnes of rice to run the world’s biggest food welfare programme and meet any emergency requirements.
WHEAT/CEPEA: Despite the possibility of a record world output, values increase in BR
Wheat prices are on the rise in Brazil, despite the expectations for a record world output in the 2022/23 season.
According to data from the USDA, the world production of wheat is estimated at 781.69 million tons, 0.3% lower than that forecast in September but still 0.2% higher than that last crop and a record. Decreases were linked to lower production in the United States and in Argentina, by 3.6 million tons and 1.5 million tons between the reports from September and October. On the other hand, for the European Union, estimates were revised up by 2.6 million tons.
Consumption estimates were revised down by a slight 0.1% in the monthly comparison, to 790.17 million tons, 0.5% less than that in 2021/22. Ending stocks are forecast at 267.5 million tons, 0.4% down in the same comparison, majorly because of the stock in the US, forecast to be the lowest since the 2007/2008 season. Thus, the stock/consumption ratio is expected to be 33.9%.
Wheat exports in the 22/23 season are estimated at 207.69 million tons, 0.3% down from that forecast in September, due to the lower volumes from the US and Argentina. Still, shipments are expected to be 1.2% higher than in 21/22, boosted by the exports from Canada (73.9%) and Russia (27.3%). For India and Ukraine, shipments are forecast to decrease steeply: 62.1% and 41.6%.
BRAZIL – Between Oct. 7 and 14, the prices paid to the wheat farmers in Paraná rose by 1.95%; in Rio Grande do Sul, by 1.62%; and in Santa Catarina, by 0.68%. In the wholesale market, values increased by 2.35% in RS, 2.14% in São Paulo, 1.32% in PR, but dropped by 0.98% in SC. Cepea collaborators reported that the recent rains have reduced the quality of the crops in PR, helping to raise prices in the state.
In Paraná, 50% of the wheat crop had been harvested by Oct. 10, according to Deral/Seab. Of the crops not harvested yet, 69% were in good conditions; 24%, in average conditions; and 7%, in bad conditions. Crops conditions have worsened compared to that in the previous week, due to the rains since September.
In Rio Grande do Sul, the productivity of wheat crops has been revised up by 11% compared to that previously estimated, according to Emater/RS, to 3.2 tons per hectare. Thus, wheat production in RS is estimated at 4.68 million tons, 32% higher than that last season. By Oct. 13, 4% of the wheat crops had been harvested in RS, less than that in the same period last crop (5%) and below the average of the last five years (11%).
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